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计划生育30年,二胎政策开放呼声高涨。(资料图)

Family planning for 30 years, two-child policy, opening up growing louder. (Figure)

The Youth Online News After experiencing a rapid transition from high fertility to low fertility, the principal contradiction of our population is no longer growing too fast, but the demographic dividend disappears near the low fertility level, the aging of the population, issues such as sex ratio at birth. After two years of more than 20 leading demographers point out that China's population policy is urgently steering, especially family planning policy should be adjusted.

On October 26, the population changes in the situation and population policy adjustment, "the report released by the China Development Research Foundation Jina policy recommendations for a population of more than 20 scholars. They suggested that China should implement "reproductive autonomy, advocating moderation, quality first, the full development of the new population policy. Involved in the reform, including to adjust fertility policy, investment in health and education, focusing on the development of children in rural areas, population movement in the urban and rural development, to stimulate the development vitality of the aging society, the promotion of gender social equality and strengthen the family as the development of seven.

The report highlighted recent fertility policy adjustment programs should be implemented step-by-step in the country to release the child. The first step, in urban areas, and strictly enforce the one-child policy in rural areas immediately release the second child; second step, in 2015, in the implementation of the "one-child half" (that is, in some areas the first child for the couple of girls can students release the second child, the second child) policy areas to achieve the country fully liberalized goal of the second child.

Expert studies that subregional step-by-step separate second child, avoids the release of second child brought the population fluctuations dramatic changes in all at the same time, but also can avoid the release of "stand-alone" (ie couples party is the only son can have a second child ) brought spend a longer time, missing an opportunity.

Recently, the withdrawal of some labor-intensive multinational manufacturing companies in China, has also led to a Chinese demographic dividend can last long debate.

Cai Fang, director of the Institute of Population and Labor Economics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, over the years to study the demographic dividend Chinese economic relations. He said, scholars usually with the decline in the dependency ratio of the population to define the demographic dividend, according to United Nations projections, the population of China's total dependency ratio in 2011 fell to the bottom, from this sense, China's demographic dividend period has ended. Rising labor costs resulting in the loss of part of the advantage of labor-intensive industries, is the end of the demographic dividend period performance.

More than 20 experts participated in the study, China's demographic transition to economic and social development has brought multiple challenges, respond to demographic changes, policy orientation: adjust maternity policies, to improve the quality of the population, and to promote the comprehensive development. Fertility policy adjustments can alleviate the situation of 20 years after the height of the aging, changes in the total population is more stable, and demographic dividend again. (Reporter Liu Xin)


 

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